Array
Building & Renovating

Pinoy Dictionary: Parts of a Filipino Home

This handy Filipino glossary will teach you all the parts, from azotea to zaguan!

Shares
Photography: Miguel Nacianceno & Ocs Alvarez (main photos)

Aside from bahay kubo, what other terms do you know for the traditional Filipino home and its architectural elements? Did you know that the first few steps of a stair landing had a name (descanso), or that the intricate traceries above the door shared the same term for “embroidery” (calado)? Check out the terms in our Filipino glossary below, learn about the Pinoy home, and a bit of its history, as well.



ADVERTISEMENT - CONTINUE READING BELOW

Azotea. A balcony or terrace on a flat roof.


Bahay kubo. A traditional Filipino house on stilts made of indigenous materials such as bamboo, sawali, and thatched nipa.  It has swing-out windows with a tukod to hold them in place, a high-pitched, airy roof, and is raised from the ground to protect its owners from animal attacks and floods.

ADVERTISEMENT - CONTINUE READING BELOW

Bahay na bato. The usual style of home inhabited by the noble families during the Spanish colonial times. Its ground floor, which is usually empty of made as a garage for horse-drawn carriages, is made of stone walls, while the second floor is made of wood.

Batalan. The rear porch of a bahay kubo used for washing and other domestic duties.


ADVERTISEMENT - CONTINUE READING BELOW

Bulwagan. A hall, or the vestibule in a house, used formally as a room for a large gathering.


Caida. Entrance area of the upper floor of the bahay na bato.

Calado. Carved or pierced wooden panels placed between the walls and the ceiling of a bahay na bato to allow air to circulate.

ADVERTISEMENT - CONTINUE READING BELOW


Descanso. The first few steps of the landing of a flight of stairs.

Entresuelo. Literally means “intermediate floor”—this is the space underneath a bahay na bato’s main living area.

Kamalig. A grain house, warehouse, or barn-like storehouse used to store rice or grain.

Senepa. The fascia or the wooden board covering a roof’s rafters. 

ADVERTISEMENT - CONTINUE READING BELOW

Silong. The space underneath the house; or the empty space between the floor of the house and the ground.

Tukod. A long piece of wood used to hold open old, swing-out windows.


Ventanillas. Small panels beneath the main window, which can be slid open for added ventilation.

ADVERTISEMENT - CONTINUE READING BELOW

Zaguan. The space underneath a bahay na bato used to store the family’s carriages—or if the family was active in the church—processional carriages.

 

More on Realliving.com.ph

Shares

Latest Stories

This 28sqm Studio Unit in Bacolod is Perfect for Staycations

The design team created a compact yet inviting small home with a warmth that matches the vibe of the City of Smiles

7 Plants That Can Help You Keep Dengue Away

You need to do more than just plant them outside your home

Make Your Home Smell Like a Fancy Hotel for Less Than P700!

Shop for scented candles, room sprays, and more essentials while maintaining your budget

10 Things You Need to Clean to Avoid a Stinky Home

We tend to overlook how scent contributes to the first impression our house makes on guests �" or on us!

5 Organizing Ideas We Can Learn from this Family Home in San Juan

This home doesn't just have picture-perfect rooms. Let it inspire you to get organized.

Amoy Kulob at Mabaho? Here Are Ways to Keep Your Home Smelling Fresh

Because a beautiful house needs to smell good, too

Those School Buildings We Grew Up With Are Called Gabaldons

The President recently signed a law that mandates their conservation

These Are The Reasons Why You Have a Messy Home

Manage the clutter in your house with these tips from an interior designer

Which One is Best for Your Home: A Diffuser or A Humidifier?

Here is a quick guide between a diffuser and humidifier to help you decide which one is better for your space

6 Convincing Reasons Why It's Better to Rent Than Buy a Home

Paying monthly dues is less stressful compared to managing real estate taxes

9 Affordable Ways to Give Your Kitchen Cabinets a Makeover

Updating the look of your cabinets can greatly improve the overall ambiance of your kitchen

Is Your House Making You Sick?

Household pollutants may cause respiratory diseases and other health problems
Load More Stories

Get inspiring design ideas and handy hints.
Subscribe to our newsletter now!